Endocrinology is the study of hormones and the diseases associated with them. There isn't just one endocrine gland. Rather, there are a number of different endocrine glands in the body and a wide array of diseases and conditions associated with hormonal disorders.
The Polyclinic endocrinology department provides care for adults with:
- Thyroid problems
- Hormonal and metabolic disorders
- Pituitary and adrenal gland problems
- Thyroid cancers
The Polyclinic's clinicians are expert at treating diabetes and helping patients manage this common disease successfully. Special interests of The Polyclinic's endocrinologists include diabetes, thyroid disease, thyroid cancer, bone disease, pituitary tumors, cholesterol problems, and associated metabolic and hormonal disorders.
Listed below are some of the major endocrine glands and their functions.
- The thyroid gland, located in the front of the neck, secretes the thyroid hormone and regulates overall metabolism.
- Parathyroid glands (there are four) are located behind the thyroid and govern calcium levels.
- The body's two adrenal glands are located on the top of each kidney and control fluid concentrations.
- Neuroendocrine glands in the pancreas contain cells that secrete insulin and other substances to control blood sugar and glucose metabolism as well as other endocrine cells.
- The pituitary gland is located at the base of the brain and controls many other endocrine glands.