|
January 9, 2017

Flu Treatment - When to Seek Care


King County is seeing a significant spike in the volume of flu cases. If you haven’t gotten your annual flu shot, there is still time to protect yourself. Contact your Polyclinic primary care provider’s office to schedule an appointment. If you or a loved one has the flu, here are some guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for getting the appropriate care:

How do I know if I have the flu?

You may have the flu if you have some or all of these symptoms:

  • fever*
  • cough
  • sore throat
  • runny or stuffy nose
  • body aches
  • headache
  • chills
  • fatigue
  • sometimes diarrhea and vomiting

*It's important to note that not everyone with flu will have a fever.

What should I do if I get sick?

Most people with the flu have mild illness and do not need medical care or antiviral drugs. If you get sick with flu symptoms, in most cases, you should stay home and avoid contact with other people except to get medical care.

If, however, you have symptoms of flu and are in a high-risk group, or are very sick or worried about your illness, contact your health care provider. People at high risk of serious flu-related complications are:

  • Children under 5, but especially children younger than 2 years old
  • Adults 65 years of age and older
  • Pregnant women
  • Residents of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities
  • People with existing medical conditions
  • Also, Native Americans and Alaskan Natives seem to be at higher risk of flu complications

If you are in a high-risk group and develop flu symptoms, it’s best for you to contact your doctor. Remind them about your high-risk status for flu. Health care providers will determine whether influenza testing and treatment are needed.

Are there medicines to treat the flu?

Yes. There are drugs your doctor may prescribe for treating the flu called “antivirals.” These drugs can make you better faster and may also prevent serious complications. These drugs work better for treatment the sooner they are started. Learn more from the CDC.

Do I need to go the emergency room if I am only a little sick?

No. The emergency room should be used for people who are very sick. You should not go to the emergency room if you are only mildly ill.

If you have the emergency warning signs of flu sickness, you should go to the emergency room. If you get sick with flu symptoms and are at high risk of flu complications or you are concerned about your illness, call your health care provider for advice. If you go to the emergency room and you are not sick with the flu, you may catch it from people who do have it.

What are the emergency warning signs of flu sickness?

In children

  • Fast breathing or trouble breathing
  • Bluish skin color
  • Not drinking enough fluids
  • Not waking up or not interacting
  • Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
  • Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
  • Fever with a rash

In addition to the signs above, get medical help right away for any infant who has any of these signs:

  • Being unable to eat
  • Has trouble breathing
  • Has no tears when crying
  • Significantly fewer wet diapers than normal

In adults

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Severe or persistent vomiting
  • Flu-like symptoms that improve but then return with fever and worse cough

How long should I stay home if I’m sick?

CDC recommends that you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or other necessities. Your fever should be gone without the use of a fever-reducing medicine, such as Tylenol®. You should stay home from work, school, travel, shopping, social events, and public gatherings.

What should I do while I’m sick?

  • Stay away from others as much as possible to keep from infecting them.
  • Wear a facemask, if you have one, or cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue if you must leave home, for example to get medical care.
  • Wash your hands often to keep from spreading flu to others.

Resources


Tags: