Nosebleed Types and Causes
Nosebleeds can be anterior or posterior. The anterior nosebleed is the most common, with the blood coming from the front of the nose. These usually occur due to dry air that dehydrates nasal membranes or as a result of the child scratching or picking the inside of the nose. A posterior nosebleed comes from deeper inside the nose, is unusual in children, and may be related to a face or nose injury.
Caring for a Nosebleed
Seek medical care if you are unable to stop a child’s nosebleed after two attempts of 10 minutes of continuous pressure or if there is some concern with the injury as a whole.
The child’s nosebleed can be slowed by seating them in a chair and following these steps:
- Keep them upright and gently tilt their head forward slightly. Leaning their head back could cause blood to run down their throat.
- Pinch the soft part of the nose below the nasal bridge. Have your child breathe through their mouth while you (or your child, if they are old enough) do this.
- Try to maintain pressure for about 10 minutes. Stopping too early may make your child’s nose begin bleeding again. You can also apply ice to the bridge of the nose, which may reduce blood flow.
If your child has frequent nosebleeds, it is helpful to moisturize the lining of the nose and use a vaporizer in your child’s room to add moisture to the air.