Two confirmed cases of measles have occurred in patients who were seen at The Polyclinic Madison Center in the Pediatrics department on March 16 and 17, 2017. Patients who were at The Polyclinic Madison Center on those days could have been exposed to measles, which is highly contagious for those who have not been fully immunized.
Measles is spread by droplets and remains infectious in the air for approximately two hours. The incubation period is seven - 21 days. If you are not immune, you could see symptoms anytime during this period. Symptoms include fever, runny nose, cough, red eyes, and sore throat, followed by a rash that spreads over the body.
You are immune to measles if you:
- were born before Jan 1, 1957, or
- have laboratory evidence of infection or immunity to measles, or
- have adequate vaccination
- For preschool age children, this is one dose of MMR (measles, mumps and rubella vaccine) given after 12 months of age.
- For children age five and over this is two MMR vaccines, with the first dose given on or after first birthday and a minimum of 28 days between the first and second dose. This same vaccination requirement applies for adults at high risk (college students, health care personnel, international travelers and those with immune compromising conditions).
- For all other adults born after Jan 1, 1957, this is at least one live measles vaccine received after your first birthday.
If you do not have immunity and might have been exposed to measles, you should monitor your symptoms vigilantly for seven - 21 days after the exposure. If you begin to feel ill and show symptoms, you need to stay home and call your health care provider. This means no daycare, school, work, or going to public places. When you call your provider, be sure to tell them you were exposed to measles. Vaccination is recommended to prevent future infection and can be given 21 days after the exposure.
Please call your primary care provider if you have questions about your risk.